Effect of tooth mesh stiffness asymmetric nonlinearity for drive and coast sides on hypoid gear dynamics

Jun Wang, Teik C. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


A nonlinear time-varying dynamic model of a hypoid gear pair system with time-dependent nonlinear mesh stiffness, mesh damping and backlash properties is formulated to study the effect of mesh stiffness asymmetry for drive and coast sides on dynamic response. The asymmetric characteristic is the result of the inherent curvilinear tooth form and pinion offset in hypoid set. Using the proposed nonlinear time-varying dynamic model, effects of asymmetric mesh stiffness parameters that include mean mesh stiffness ratio, mesh stiffness variation and mesh stiffness phase angle on the dynamic mesh force response and tooth impact regions are examined systematically. Specifically, the dynamic models with only asymmetric mesh stiffness nonlinearity, with only backlash nonlinearity and with both asymmetric mesh stiffness and backlash nonlinearities are analyzed and compared. Using the parameters of a typical hypoid gear set, the extent of the effect of asymmetry in the mesh coupling on gear pair dynamics is quantified numerically. The results show that the increase in the mean mesh stiffness ratio tends to worsen the dynamic response amplitude, and the mesh stiffness parameters for drive side have more effect on dynamic response than those of the coast side one.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-903
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Issue number3-5
StatePublished - Jan 23 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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