Effects of badminton expertise on representational momentum: A combination of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies

Hua Jin, Pin Wang, Zhuo Fang, Xin Di, Zhuo'er Ye, Guiping Xu, Huiyan Lin, Yongmin Cheng, Yongjie Li, Yong Xu, Hengyi Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Representational momentum (RM) has been found to be magnified in experts (e.g., sport players) with respect to both real and implied motion in expert-familiar domains. However, it remains unclear whether similar effects can be achieved in expert-unfamiliar domains, especially within the context of implied motion. To answer this question, we conducted two independent experiments using an implied motion paradigm and examined the expert effects of badminton training on RM in both adult and child players. In Experiment 1, we used a cross-sectional design and compared RM between adult professional badminton players and matched controls. The results revealed significantly enhanced RM for adult players, supporting the expert effect in expert-unfamiliar domains for implied motion. However, cross-sectional studies could not ascertain whether the observed expert effect was due to innate factors or expertise acquirement. Therefore, in Experiment 2, we used a longitudinal design and compared RM between two groups of child participants, naming child players who had enrolled professional badminton training program at a sports school and age-matched peer non-players who attended an ordinary primary school without sports training. Before training, there were no differences in RM among child players, their non-player peers, and adult non-players. However, after 4 years of badminton training, child players demonstrated significantly enhanced RM compared to themselves prior to training. The increased RM observed in both adult and child players suggests that badminton expertise modulates implied motion RM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1526
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

Keywords

  • Badminton training
  • Causal relationships
  • Cross-sectional
  • Longitudinal
  • Representational momentum
  • Transfer

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