Effects of solar active regions on meridional flows

Michal Švanda, Alexander G. Kosovichev, Junwei Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The aim of this Letter is to extend our previous study of the solar-cycle variations of meridional flows and to investigate their latitudinal and longitudinal structure in the subphotospheric layer, especially their variations in magnetic regions. Helioseismology observations indicate that mass flows around active regions are dominated by inflows into those regions. On average, those local flows are more important around the leading magnetic polarities of active regions than around the following polarities and depend on the evolutionary stage of particular active regions. We present a statistical study based on MDI/SOHO observations of 1996-2002 and show that this effect explains a significant part of the cyclic change of meridional flows in near-equatorial regions, but not at higher latitudes. A different mechanism driving solar-cycle variations of the meridional flow probably operates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L161-L164
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Sun: Activity
  • Sun: Atmospheric motions
  • Sun: Magnetic fields


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of solar active regions on meridional flows'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this