Despite the wide applicability and specificity of lectins to carbohydrate moieties, there are few lectin specific biosensors. This is attributed to the difficulty in defining the relevant experimental parameters to measure for sensing. We hereby describe the development of direct and indirect electrochemical sensors to determine the exact trace amounts of probarley lectin (ProBL) and its conversion product wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). In addition to WGA, the antigens (ProBL) employed in this study were over expressed in bacteria, isolated from protein bodies, and purified using immobilized N-acetylglusamine in order to obtain correctly folded active lectins. The amperometric immunosensor uses cell lines producing monoclonal antibody (mAB) to the pro-region of ProBL over expressed from Escherichia coli. The efficacy and sensing characteristics of the lectin were optimized using monoclonal antibody to WGA and the resulting sensor was found to detect only ProBL in the linear range 10-3-102 μg mL-1 and a detection limit of 10-3 μg mL-1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- Electrochemical sensors
- Probarley lectin