Narrow bandwidth, whistler-like spectral features in the extremely low frequency (ELF) range were recorded at South Pole Station over the duration of 2004. A full year of observation shows a distinct lack of activity over the Antarctic winter season. A calculation of solar zenith angle at the time of detection illustrates a connection between the occurrence of ELF whistlers and a sunlit ionosphere. ELF whistlers detected at low latitude follow a similar general trend between ELF whistler occurrence rate and changing solar zenith angle, but with an additional persistence of detections after local sunset. Temporal profiles from the International Reference Ionosphere 2016 show that the peaks in ELF whistler occurrence align with times of changing ionospheric composition. Correlation with solar activity per the F10.7 index shows no connection to daily variations in activity, and the consistency of solar flux levels throughout 2004 appears insufficient to explain the absence of events during the winter blackout. These observations place new physical constraints on the conditions necessary for detecting ELF whistlers and suggest the potential for localized generating mechanisms due to plasma instabilities in the ionosphere.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Space and Planetary Science
- ELF whistler