Energy management policies for passive RFID sensors with RF-energy harvesting

Fabio Iannello, Osvaldo Simeone, Umberto Spagnolini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A critical performance criterion in backscatter modulation-based RFID sensor networks is the distance at which a RFID reader can reliably communicate with passive RFID sensors (or tags). This paper proposes to introduce a power amplifier (PA) and an energy storage device (such as a capacitor or a battery), in the hardware architecture of conventional passive RFID tags, with the aim of allowing amplification of the backscatter signal to increase the read range. This new tag architecture, referred to as Amplified Backscattering via Energy Harvesting (ABEH), can still be considered as passive, since the energy storage device is charged exclusively by harvesting energy from the RF-signal transmitted by the reader and received by the tag during idle periods. The harvested and stored energy is then used by the tags to opportunistically amplify the backscatter signal. It is noted that this architecture is significantly different from active RFID tags where the battery, charged at the time of installation, is used to supply a complete onboard transceiver so that no backscatter modulation is employed. Energy scheduling strategies, based on the trade-off between energy harvesting rate and successful transmission probability, are proposed. Performance analysis of tags with the proposed ABEH architecture is carried out over quasi-static fading channels by framing the design problem as a Markov Decision Process. Numerical results show remarkable improvement of the ABEH approach with respect to conventional passive RFID tags and provide insight into the effect of system parameters on the energy scheduling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2010 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2010
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2010
Event2010 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2010 - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: May 23 2010May 27 2010

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)0536-1486

Other

Other2010 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2010
Country/TerritorySouth Africa
CityCape Town
Period5/23/105/27/10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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