Enhanced blend uniformity and flowability of low drug loaded fine API blends via dry coating: The effect of mixing time and excipient size

Sangah S. Kim, Chelsea Castillo, Mirna Cheikhali, Hadeel Darweesh, Christopher Kossor, Rajesh N. Davé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although previous research demonstrated improved flowability, packing, fluidization, etc. of individual powders via nanoparticle dry coating, none considered its impact on very low drug loaded blends. Here, fine ibuprofen at 1, 3, and 5 wt% drug loadings (DL) was used in multi-component blends to examine the impact of the excipients size, dry coating with hydrophilic or hydrophobic silica, and mixing times on the blend uniformity, flowability and drug release rates. For uncoated active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), the blend uniformity (BU) was poor for all blends regardless of the excipient size and mixing time. In contrast, for dry coated API having low agglomerate ratio (AR), BU was dramatically improved, more so for the fine excipient blends, at lesser mixing times. For dry coated API, the fine excipient blends mixed for 30 min had enhanced flowability and lower AR; better for the lowest DL having lesser silica, likely due to mixing induced synergy of silica redistribution. For the fine excipient tablets, dry coating led to fast API release rates even with hydrophobic silica coating. Remarkably, the low AR of the dry coated API even at very low DL and amounts of silica in the blend led to the enhanced blend uniformity, flow, and API release rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number122722
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume635
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Keywords

  • Agglomeration
  • Blend flowability
  • Blend uniformity
  • Dry coating
  • Excipient size

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