Carbamazepine (CBZ) is one of the contaminants of emerging concerns due to its broad distribution in water environments. The present study evaluated various photo-Fenton reactions to achieve enhanced CBZ removal using FeOCl as the photo-Fenton catalyst that exhibited high activity in ·OH generation at a wide range of pH. The effects of UV irradiation, H2O2 concentration, initial CBZ concentration and catalyst dosage on the CBZ degradation efficiency were evaluated with uncertainty analysis. The H2O2 concentration of 10 μM, a catalyst dosage of 0.2 g/L, and the initial concentration of CBZ of 100 μM led to the highest CBZ removal rate of 92 % under UV/H2O2/FeOCl system within 0.5 h The effects of common anions (i.e., CO32-, HCO3, SO42-, NO3- and Cl-) on the CBZ degradation were studied. Three possible degradation pathways and three major degradation by-products were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS, which would provide new insight into the degradation mechanisms of CBZ in photo-Fenton reactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Degradation mechanism