Enhanced fluidization of nanoparticles in an oscillating magnetic field

Qun Yu, Rajesh N. Dave, Chao Zhu, Jose A. Quevedo, Robert Pfeffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Some experimental observations on the fluidization characteristics of nanoparticles in the form of agglomerates with magnetic assistance are presented. The nanoagglomerates consist of Degussa Aerosil® R974 fumed silica, with a primary particle size of 12 nm. An oscillating AC magnetic field is used to excite large (mm size) permanent magnetic particles mixed in with the nanoparticle agglomerates, and the fluidization behavior of the nanoagglomerates, including the fluidization regime, the minimum fluidization velocityy the bed pressure drop, and the bed expansion are investigated. It is shown that, with the aid of an oscillating magnetic field at low frequencies, the bed of nanoparticle agglomerates can be smoothly fluidized, and the minimum fluidization velocity is significantly reduced. In addition, channeling or slugging of the bed disappears and the bed expands uniformly without bubbles, and with negligible elutriation. The bed expansion and the minimum fluidization velocity depend on the mass ratio of magnetic particles to nanoparticles, and the intensity and frequency of the oscillating magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1971-1979
Number of pages9
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Keywords

  • Fluidization
  • Nanoagglomerates
  • Nanoparticles
  • Oscillating magnetic field
  • Permanent magnetic particles, aggregate fragmentation

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