Enhancement mechanism of hydroxyapatite for photocatalytic degradation of gaseous formaldehyde over TiO2/hydroxyapatite

Maocong Hu, Zhenhua Yao, Xuguang Liu, Liping Ma, Zhong He, Xianqin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Hydroxyapatite (HAP) was reported to promote photocatalytic degradation as a support for photocatalysts, but the enhancement mechanism is still unclear. In this study, the promotion role of HAP to TiO2 in photocatalytic degradation is unraveled using experimental observations and kinetic modeling. TiO2/HAP is successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method, which is confirmed by SEM-EDS, TEM, ICP, XRD, and Raman. HAP exhibits a negative effect on the photo absorption ability of TiO2/HAP, which is characterized by UV–vis reflectance spectra (Tauc plot). The formaldehyde-temperature programmed desorption results reveal an affinity between HAP and formaldehyde via a weak chemisorption, which is validated by the estimated adsorption enthalpy/entropy from Van't Hoff plot based on Langmuir–Hinshelwood model. The derived kinetic parameters, including reaction rate constant, Langmuir adsorption constant, apparent activation energy, and adsorption enthalpy and entropy, confirm the experimental results that TiO2/HAP is more active than TiO2. This work verifies the existence of superior chemisorption between HAP and VOCs leading to a better performance of TiO2/HAP for photocatalytic degradation. It helps to understand the role of HAP as an effective support in designing novel HAP-based catalysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
StatePublished - Apr 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


  • Kinetic modeling
  • Langmuir–Hinshelwood model
  • Photocatalysis
  • Tio/hydroxyapatite
  • VOCs degradation


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