Enhancing the network specific individual characteristics in rs-fMRI functional connectivity by dictionary learning

Pratik Jain, Ankit Chakraborty, Rakibul Hafiz, Anil K. Sao, Bharat Biswal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Most fMRI inferences are based on analyzing the scans of a cohort. Thus, the individual variability of a subject is often overlooked in these studies. Recently, there has been a growing interest in individual differences in brain connectivity also known as individual connectome. Various studies have demonstrated the individual specific component of functional connectivity (FC), which has enormous potential to identify participants across consecutive testing sessions. Many machine learning and dictionary learning-based approaches have been used to extract these subject-specific components either from the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal or from the FC. In addition, several studies have reported that some resting-state networks have more individual-specific information than others. This study compares four different dictionary-learning algorithms that compute the individual variability from the network-specific FC computed from resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (rs-fMRI) data having 10 scans per subject. The study also compares the effect of two FC normalization techniques, namely, Fisher Z normalization and degree normalization on the extracted subject-specific components. To quantitatively evaluate the extracted subject-specific component, a metric named (Formula presented.) is proposed, and it is used in combination with the existing differential identifiability (Formula presented.) metric. It is based on the hypothesis that the subject-specific FC vectors should be similar within the same subject and different across different subjects. Results indicate that Fisher Z transformed subject-specific fronto-parietal and default mode network extracted using Common Orthogonal Basis Extraction (COBE) dictionary learning have the best features to identify a participant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


  • Fisher Z transform
  • brain atlas
  • degree normalization
  • dictionary learning
  • fMRI
  • functional connectivity
  • individual connectome
  • resting-state networks


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