ESSENCE – A rapid, shear-enhanced, flow-through, capacitive electrochemical platform for rapid detection of biomolecules

Yu Hsuan Cheng, Roli Kargupta, Debjit Ghoshal, Zhenglong Li, Charmi Chande, Lixin Feng, Sayandev Chatterjee, Nikhil Koratkar, Radha Kishan Motkuri, Sagnik Basuray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The rapid, sensitive, and selective detection of target analytes using electrochemical sensors is challenging. ESSENCE, a new Electrochemical Sensor that uses a Shear-Enhanced, flow-through Nanoporous Capacitive Electrode, overcomes current electrochemical sensors' response limitations, selectivity, and sensitivity limitations. ESSENCE is a microfluidic channel packed with transducer material sandwiched by a top and bottom microelectrode. The room-temperature instrument less integration process allows the switch of the transducer materials to make up the porous electrode without modifying the electrode architecture or device protocol. ESSENCE can be used to detect both biomolecules and small molecules by simply changing the packed transducer material. Electron microscopy results confirm the high porosity. In conjunction with the non-planar interdigitated electrode, the packed transducer material results in a flow-through porous electrode. Electron microscopy results confirm the high porosity. The enhanced shear forces and increased convective fluxes disrupt the electric double layer's (EDL) diffusive process in ESSENCE. This disruption migrates the EDL to high MHz frequency allowing the capture signal to be measured at around 100 kHz, significantly improving device timing (rapid detection) with a low signal-to-noise ratio. The device's unique architecture allows us multiple configuration modes for measuring the impedance signal. This allows us to use highly conductive materials like carbon nanotubes. We show that by combining single-walled carbon nanotubes as transducer material with appropriate capture probes, NP-μIDE has high selectivity and sensitivity for DNA (fM sensitivity, selective against non-target DNA), breast cancer biomarker proteins (p53, pg/L sensitivity, selective against non-target HER2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113163
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
StatePublished - Jun 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


  • Electrochemical detection
  • Electrochemical signal
  • HER2
  • Nucleic acid-based detection
  • Shear enhanced selectivity
  • p53


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