As a complex dynamic system, the brain exhibits spatially organized recurring patterns of activity over time. Coactivation patterns (CAPs), which analyzes data from each single frame, have been utilized to detect transient brain activity states recently. However, previous CAP analyses have been conducted at the group level, which might neglect meaningful individual differences. Here, we estimated individual CAP states at both subject- and scan-level based on a densely sampled dataset: Midnight Scan Club. We used differential identifiability, which measures the gap between intra- and inter-subject similarity, to evaluate individual differences. We found individual CAPs at the subject-level achieved the best fingerprinting ability by maintaining high intra-subject similarity and enlarging inter-subject differences, and brain regions of association networks mainly contributed to the identifiability. On the other hand, scan-level CAP states were unstable across scans for the same participant. Expectedly, we found subject-specific CAPs became more reliable and discriminative with more data (i.e., longer duration). As the acquisition time of each participant is limited in practice, our results recommend a data collection strategy that collects more scans with appropriate duration (e.g., 12 ~ 15 min/scan) to obtain more reliable subject-specific CAPs, when total acquisition time is fixed (e.g., 150 min). In summary, this work has constructed reliable subject-specific CAP states with meaningful individual differences, and recommended an appropriate data collection strategy, which can guide subsequent investigations into individualized brain dynamics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Brain dynamics
- Coactivation patterns
- Differential identifiability
- Individual analysis