Estimating the motion-to-photon latency in head mounted displays

Jingbo Zhao, Robert S. Allison, Margarita Vinnikov, Sion Jennings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

50 Scopus citations


We present a method for estimating the Motion-to-Photon (End-to-End) latency of head mounted displays (HMDs). The specific HMD evaluated in our study was the Oculus Rift DK2, but the procedure is general. We mounted the HMD on a pendulum to introduce damped sinusoidal motion to the HMD during the pendulum swing. The latency was estimated by calculating the phase shift between the captured signals of the physical motion of the HMD and a motion-dependent gradient stimulus rendered on the display. We used the proposed method to estimate both rotational and translational Motion-to-Photon latencies of the Oculus Rift DK2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE Virtual Reality, VR 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781509066476
StatePublished - Apr 4 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event19th IEEE Virtual Reality, VR 2017 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Mar 18 2017Mar 22 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE Virtual Reality


Conference19th IEEE Virtual Reality, VR 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


  • End-to-End Latency
  • Head-Mounted Displays
  • Motion-to-Photon Latency


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