N. L. Jackson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

10 Scopus citations


Estuaries are among the most biologically productive and geomorphologically complex environments in the coastal zone. Estuaries vary considerably in terms of geomorphology, tides, drainage basin and fluvial processes, water chemistry, wave characteristics, sediment provenance, upland land use and land cover, biodiversity, and degree of human modification. This chapter presents background information on the definition, classification, and characteristics of estuaries as well as the physical processes that shape morphology. A review of research is presented, focusing on broad-scale estuarine morphology and evolution and an examination of contemporary processes and forms in the intertidal zone. The chapter includes a discussion of current issues in estuarine research, including geomorphic-biotic interactions, human-modified estuaries, and restoration practices. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of future areas of concern given current attention to climate variability and sea-level rise. Although the focus is on geomorphic research, there are references to key work within biology, chemistry, and hydrology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCoastal Geomorphology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780080885223
StatePublished - Mar 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


  • Estuarine classification
  • Estuarine evolution
  • Estuarine restoration
  • Estuarine shoreline
  • Estuary
  • Geomorphic-biotic interaction
  • Human modification


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