Evacuating routes in indoor-fire scenarios with selection of safe exits on known and unknown buildings using machine learning

Aakanksha Agnihotri, Sina Fathi-Kazerooni, Yagiz Kaymak, Roberto Rojas-Cessa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose a scheme for calculation of indoor evacuation routes of a single-floor building in the event of a fire that uses selection of a potentially safe exit before evacuation starts. We refer to potentially safe exits to those that have high probability of being accessible at evacuation time. The scheme pre-calculates whether an exit may be reached by an occupant before being reached by the fire. Among those exits, the one with the shortest distance to the occupant is selected. This exit pre-selection improves evacuation success ratio by avoiding destination changes during evacuation. This approach is applicable to a building where the floor plan is known and analyzable. With such an evacuation routing scheme, we study the applicability of our approach to cases where the floor plan has not been characterized and yet we may be able to perform route calculation in a fast manner. To do so, we use machine learning with data obtained from a floor plan where the evacuation success ratio has been analyzed and apply it on the new floor plan. This approach indicates floor plan similarities and it is used to rapidly estimate evacuation routes with high probability of a successful evacuation. We show how floor similarity accuracy estimation increases with the use of data from an increasing number of analyzed floor plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE 39th Sarnoff Symposium, Sarnoff 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538661543
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2019
Event39th IEEE Sarnoff Symposium, Sarnoff 2018 - Newark, United States
Duration: Sep 24 2018Sep 25 2018

Publication series

Name2018 IEEE 39th Sarnoff Symposium, Sarnoff 2018

Conference

Conference39th IEEE Sarnoff Symposium, Sarnoff 2018
CountryUnited States
CityNewark
Period9/24/189/25/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Keywords

  • emergency network
  • emergency scenario
  • evacuation
  • fire
  • sensor network

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