Evaluating electronic voting systems equipped with voter-verified paper records

Nirwan Ansari, Pitipatana Sakarindr, Ehsan Haghani, Chao Zhang, Aridaman K. Jain, Yun Q. Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The Attorney General's Office of New Jersey has issued criteria for e-voting machines equipped with printers and has asked the New Jersey Institute of Technology to test the various systems against these criteria. Voter privacy requirements include the voters must be able to privately and independently select candidates on the DRE machine and verify their selections on the printed paper record. A single test, a 1200-vote stimulated test, a 14-hour test and a 52-vote test were done in order to examine VVPRS against certain state requirements. Mock voters cast votes in various selections of an election's contest positions. Two ballot types, one short and one long, were adopted for testing. The short ballot featured the same 12 voting scenarios as the long ballot, but omitted the charter study commission. The 14-hour test emulated actual physical voting situations over a 14-hour period. The test found several violations of the state's paper and electronic record privacy requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4530397
Pages (from-to)30-39
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Security and Privacy
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Law


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