Paul C. Chan, John W. Liskowitz, Angelo Perna, Richard Trattner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The laboratory results indicated that, rather than a single sorbent, a combination of acidic and basic sorbents is required in a layered system for removal of all the measurable contaminants from the leachates. These combinations are illite, vermiculite, and a natural zeolite for the acidic leachate; illite, acidic fly ash for the neutral leachate; and illite, kaolinite, and a natural zeolite for the alkaline leachate. The sorbent capacities exhibited by the natural sorbents are comparable to those exhibited by refined sorbents. The outdoor pilot study, which was limited to the treatment of the calcium fluoride sludge leachate, using lysimeters, some 80 times larger than the laboratory lysimeters, revealed that the sorbent effectiveness depends on the velocity of the leachate through the sorbents and the sorbent removal capacity for specific contaminants. Except for magnesium, effective reductions of the measurable leachate constituents were achieved with the use of illite, acidic fly ash, and a zeolite in the weight ratio of 2:2. 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEnvironmental Protection Technology Series. EPA
Issue number600 /2-80-052
StatePublished - 1980

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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