Ferromagnetism and exchange bias in a diluted magnetic ferroelectric oxide

L. B. Luo, Y. G. Zhao, H. F. Tian, J. J. Yang, J. Q. Li, J. J. Ding, B. He, S. Q. Wei, C. Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


We report on the observations of room-temperature ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity in the epitaxial thin film of BaTi0.98 Co0.02 O3 (CBTO) with detailed structural and magnetic analyses. The films are single phase with an inhomogeneous distribution of Co2+ dopants in the structure. Room-temperature ferromagnetic hysteresis and ferroelectric loop were observed. Remarkably, the hysteresis loops for field cooling show the exchange bias and training effects. The complex magnetic behavior of CBTO was interpreted in the frame of bound magnetic polaron formation with inhomogeneity of dopant distribution. This work also demonstrated that exchange bias can be a helpful technique in exploring the mechanism of dopant-induced ferromagnetism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115210
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 3 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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