First Results from the NSO/NJIT Solar Adaptive Optics System

T. Rimmele, K. Richards, S. Hegwer, S. Fletcher, S. Gregory, G. Moretto, L. Didkovsky, C. Denker, A. Dolgushin, P. Goode, M. Langlois, J. Marino, W. Marquette

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


The National Solar Observatory and the New Jersey Institute of Technology have developed two 97 actuator solar adaptive optics (AO) systems based on a correlating Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor approach. The first engineering run was successfully completed at the Dunn Solar Telescope (DST) at Sacramento Peak, New Mexico in December 2002. The first of two systems is now operational at Sacramento Peak. The second system will be deployed at the Big Bear Solar Observatory by the end of 2003. The correlating Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor is able to measure wavefront aberrations for low-contrast, extended and time-varying objects, such as solar granulation. The 97-actuator solar AO system operates at a loop update rate of 2.5 kHz and achieves a closed loop bandwidth (0dB crossover error rejection) of about 130 Hz. The AO system is capable of correcting atmospheric seeing at visible wavelengths during median seeing conditions at both the NSO/Sacramento Peak site and the Big Bear Solar Observatory. We present an overview of the system design. The servo loop was successfully closed and first AO corrected images were recorded. We present first results from the new, high order AO system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - May 3 2004
EventTelescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 7 2003Aug 8 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Extended source wavefront sensing
  • Solar adaptive optics


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