Flare Energy Release in the Lower Solar Atmosphere near the Magnetic Field Polarity Inversion Line

I. N. Sharykin, V. M. Sadykov, A. G. Kosovichev, S. Vargas-Dominguez, I. V. Zimovets

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study flare processes in the solar atmosphere using observational data for an M1-class flare of 2014 June 12, obtained by the New Solar Telescope (NST/BBSO) and Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI/SDO). The main goal is to understand triggers and manifestations of the flare energy release in the photosphere and chromosphere using high-resolution optical observations and magnetic field measurements. We analyze optical images, HMI Dopplergrams, and vector magnetograms, and use nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolations for reconstruction of the magnetic topology and electric currents. The NLFFF modeling reveals the interaction of two magnetic flux ropes with oppositely directed magnetic fields in the polarity inversion line (PIL). These flux ropes are observed as a compact sheared arcade along the PIL in the high-resolution broadband continuum images from NST. In the vicinity of the PIL, the NST observations reveal the formation of a thin three-ribbon structure corresponding to a small-scale photospheric magnetic arcade. The observational results are evidence in favor of the primary energy release site located in the chromospheric plasma with strong electric currents concentrated near the PIL. In this case, magnetic reconnection is triggered by the interacting magnetic flux ropes forming a current sheet elongated along the PIL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number84
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume840
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: photosphere

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