Flexible Hybrid Piezoelectric-Electrostatic Device for Energy Harvesting and Sensing Applications

Zhaocheng Lu, Chi Zhang, Sun Hwa Kwon, Zhipeng Jiang, Lin Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Converting mechanical energy from either the ambient environment or the human body motions to the useful electrical energy will revolutionize power solutions for flexible electronics. Here, a hybrid energy harvesting strategy is reported, which combines porous polymeric piezoelectric film with an electrostatic layer as an integration for converting the mechanical energy into electrical energy. The piezoelectric materials through engineered microstructures are developed to enhance energy generation due to the higher compressibility and larger surface contact area. The electrostatic effect from the charged layer further contributes to the generation of electrical charges. By directly coating the stretchable carbon nanotubes onto the elastomers, more intimate integration of the hybrid energy harvesters enables the designs for complex electronics. Such flexible hybrid piezoelectric-electrostatic device exhibits superior energy harvesting performance with a voltage output of 1.95 V, which improves 30% and 100% compared to the electrostatic and piezoelectric alone device, respectively. Experiments are also performed to demonstrate the implementation of the hybrid device's energy conversion to power small electronics and recognition of different body motions. Such hybrid strategy provides a new solution toward future energy revolution for flexible electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2202173
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number8
StatePublished - Mar 15 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • P(VDF-TrFE)
  • electrostatic
  • energy harvesters
  • flexible sensors
  • piezoelectric polymers
  • reduced graphene oxide (rGO)


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