Flow field visualization of entangled polybutadiene solutions under nonlinear viscoelastic flow conditions

Yanfei Li, Miao Hu, Gregory B. McKenna, Christopher J. Dimitriou, Gareth H. McKinley, Rebecca M. Mick, David C. Venerus, Lynden A. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Using self-designed particle visualization instrumentation, startup shear and step-strain tests were conducted under a series of systematically varied rheological and geometrical conditions, and the velocity profiles in three different well-entangled polybutadiene/oligomer solutions were obtained. For startup shear tests, in the regime of entanglement densities up to 89 and nominal reptation Weissenberg numbers up to 18.6, we generally observe either wall slip and a linear velocity/strain profile or simply the linear profile with no wall slip unless a massive edge fracture or instability has occurred in the sample. Meanwhile, step-strain tests conducted at similar and higher step Weissenberg numbers revealed little particle motion upon cessation. These results lead us to a conclusion that there is no compelling evidence of shear banding or nonquiescent relaxation in the range of entanglement density and Wi investigated; we interpret the results to imply that any observed banding probably correlates with edge effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1411-1428
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Rheology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Edge fracture
  • Flow instability
  • Flow visualization
  • Non-linear flow
  • Particle imaging velocimetry
  • Particle tracking velocimetry


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