Flow induced on a salt waterbody due to the impingement of a freshwater drop or a water source

Islam Benouaguef, Edison Amah, Naga Musunuri, Denis Blackmore, Ian S. Fischer, Pushpendra Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The particle image velocimetry (PIV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) techniques are used to study the flow induced on the surface of a body of saltwater when a drop impinges on its surface or when a source is present on the surface. The measurements show that the impingement of a fresh water drop causes a strong axisymmetric solutocapillary flow about the vertical line passing through the center of impact. The fluid directly below the center of impact rises upward, and near the surface it moves away from the center of impact. The flow, which develops within a fraction of second after the impact, persists for several seconds. In comparison, when a freshwater drop falls on a body of freshwater, the flow induced on the surface is much weaker and persists for a relatively shorter duration of time and the volume of water circulated is two orders of magnitude smaller. Similarly, when a fresh water source is present on a body of saltwater there is a solutocapillary flow which on the surface is away from the source and below the surface is towards the source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalMechanics Research Communications
Volume85
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Keywords

  • Drops
  • Particle image velocimetry and planar laser-induced fluorescence
  • Solutocapillary flow
  • Surface tension

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