Formulation of Curable Resins Utilized in Stereolithography

David Bird, Elbert Caravaca, Joseph Laquidara, Keith Luhmann, Nuggehalli M. Ravindra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


Formulating UV curable resins for Additive Manufacturing (AM), or 3D printing, is an area that spans various industrial sectors from adhesives, inks and optical fibers to nanotechnology and biomaterials. UV curable resins such as epoxides, vinyl ethers and acrylates are also important monomers that offer effective media for energetic materials. The potential exists to develop environmentally friendly formulations with suspended energetic materials at various solid loading levels. Developing techniques for UV curing formulations of highly loaded energetic suspensions is a challenging feat that must satisfy several requirements and produce a high-quality formulation with synergistic ingredient combinations to enhance propulsion phenomena. The candidate formulation must be able to operate in a sterolithography (SLA) resin tank, meaning the suspension must be at least as fluidic as conventional SLA resins; and a thorough understanding of the polymerization cure kinetics, photoinitiation and cure depth is required. This is due to the fact that these are dominating factors for processing and formation of polymer network structure that exhibits good mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTMS 2019 148th Annual Meeting and Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783030058609
StatePublished - 2019
Event148th Annual Meeting and Exhibition of The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, TMS 2019 - San Antonio, United States
Duration: Mar 10 2019Mar 14 2019

Publication series

NameMinerals, Metals and Materials Series
ISSN (Print)2367-1181
ISSN (Electronic)2367-1696


Conference148th Annual Meeting and Exhibition of The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, TMS 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Antonio

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Energetic materials
  • Steeolithography
  • UV curable resins


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