Front motion for phase transitions in systems with memory

Horacio G. Rotstein, Alexander I. Domoshnitsky, Alexander Nepomnyashchy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


We consider the following partial integro-differential equation (Allen-Cahn equation with memory):ε2φt=∫0ta(t-t′)[ε 2Δφ+f(φ)+εh](t′) dt′,where ε is a small parameter, h a constant, f(φ) the negative derivative of a double well potential and the kernel a is a piecewise continuous, differentiable at the origin, scalar-valued function on (0,∞). The prototype kernels are exponentially decreasing functions of time and they reduce the integro-differential equation to a hyperbolic one, the damped Klein-Gordon equation. By means of a formal asymptotic analysis, we show that to the leading order and under suitable assumptions on the kernels, the integro-differential equation behaves like a hyperbolic partial differential equation obtained by considering prototype kernels: the evolution of fronts is governed by the extended, damped Born-Infeld equation. We also apply our method to a system of partial integro-differential equations which generalize the classical phase-field equations with a non-conserved order parameter and describe the process of phase transitions where memory effects are present:ut2φt=∫0ta 1(t-t′)Δu(t′) dt′,ε2φt=∫0ta 2(t-t′)[ε 2Δφ+f(φ)+εu](t′) dt′,where ε is a small parameter. In this case the functions u and φ represent the temperature field and order parameter, respectively. The kernels a1 and a2 are assumed to be similar to a. For the phase-field equations with memory we obtain the same result as for the generalized Klein-Gordon equation or Allen-Cahn equation with memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-149
Number of pages13
JournalPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Nov 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Allen-Cahn equation memory
  • Born-Infeld equation
  • Front motion
  • Integro-differential equations
  • Phase transition dynamics with memory


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