Fronthaul quantization as artificial noise for enhanced secret communication in C-RAN

Seok Hwan Park, Osvaldo Simeone, Shlomo Shamai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work considers the downlink of a cloud radio access network (C-RAN), in which a control unit (CU) encodes confidential messages, each of which is intended for a user equipment (UE) and is to be kept secret from all the other UEs. As per the C-RAN architecture, the encoded baseband signals are quantized and compressed prior to the transfer to distributed radio units (RUs) that are connected to the CU via finite-capacity fronthaul links. This work argues that the quantization noise introduced by fronthaul quantization can be leveraged to act as 'artificial' noise in order to enhance the rates achievable under secrecy constraints. To this end, it is proposed to control the statistics of the quantization noise by applying multivariate, or joint, fronthaul quantization/compression at the CU across all outgoing fronthaul links. Assuming wiretap coding, the problem of jointly optimizing the precoding and multivariate compression strategies, along with the covariance matrices of artificial noise signals generated by RUs, is formulated with the goal of maximizing the weighted sum of achievable secrecy rates while satisfying per-RU fronthaul capacity and power constraints. After showing that the artificial noise covariance matrices can be set to zero without loss of optimaliy, an iterative optimization algorithm is derived based on the concave convex procedure (CCCP), and some numerical results are provided to highlight the advantages of leveraging quantization noise as artificial noise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication18th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-5
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509030088
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2017
Event18th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2017 - Sapporo, Japan
Duration: Jul 3 2017Jul 6 2017

Publication series

NameIEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC
Volume2017-July

Other

Other18th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2017
Country/TerritoryJapan
CitySapporo
Period7/3/177/6/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems

Keywords

  • Beamforming
  • C-RAN
  • Fronthaul quantization
  • Physical-layer security

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