We establish a necessary condition for any importance sampling scheme to give bounded relative error when estimating a performance measure of a highly reliable Markovian system. Also, a class of importance sampling methods is defined for which we prove a necessary and sufficient condition for bounded relative error for the performance measure estimator. This class of probability measures includes all of the currently existing failure biasing methods in the literature. Similar conditions for derivative estimators are established.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Applied Mathematics