Generalized fault diagnosis method of transmission lines using transfer learning technique

Fatemeh Mohammadi Shakiba, Milad Shojaee, S. Mohsen Azizi, Meng Chu Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Recent artificial intelligence-based methods have shown great promise in the use of neural networks for real-time detection of transmission line faults and estimation of their locations. The expansion of power systems including transmission lines with various lengths have made the fault detection, classification, and location estimation process more challenging. Transmission line datasets are stream data which are continuously collected by various sensors and hence, require generalized and fast fault diagnosis approaches. Newly collected datasets including voltages and currents for faulty and non-faulty situations might not have adequate and accurate labels that are useful to train neural networks. In this paper, a novel transfer learning framework based on a pre-trained LeNet-5 convolutional neural network is proposed. This method is able to diagnose faults for different transmission line lengths and impedances by transferring the knowledge from a source convolutional neural network to predict a dissimilar target dataset. By transferring this knowledge, faults from various transmission lines, even without sufficient data samples with labels, can be diagnosed faster and more efficiently than the existing methods. To prove the feasibility and effectiveness of this methodology, seven different datasets that include various lengths of transmission lines are used. The robustness of the proposed methodology against the generator voltage fluctuations, variations in fault locations, fault inception angle, fault resistance, and phase difference between the two generators are well studied to prove the reliability of this technique for fault diagnosis of transmission lines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-566
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Aug 21 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Convolutional neural network
  • LeNet-5
  • Stream data
  • Transfer learning


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