Geographical and temporal weighted regression: examining spatial variations of COVID-19 mortality pattern using mobility and multi-source data

Nanzhou Hu, Ziyi Zhang, Nicholas Duffield, Xiao Li, Bahar Dadashova, Dayong Wu, Siyu Yu, Xinyue Ye, Daikwon Han, Zhe Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has had profound adverse effects on public health and society, with increased mobility contributing to the spread of the virus and vulnerable populations, such as those with pre-existing health conditions, at a higher risk of COVID-19 mortality. However, the specific spatial and temporal impacts of health conditions and mobility on COVID-19 mortality have yet to be fully understood. In this study, we utilized the Geographical and Temporal Weighted Regression (GTWR) model to assess the influence of mobility and health-related factors on COVID-19 mortality in the United States. The model examined several significant factors, including demographic and health-related factors, and was compared with the Multiscale Geographically Weighted Regression (MGWR) model to evaluate its performance. Our findings from the GTWR model reveal that human mobility and health conditions have a significant spatial impact on COVID-19 mortality. Additionally, our study identified different patterns in the association between COVID-19 and the explanatory variables, providing insights to policymakers for effective decision-making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6
JournalComputational Urban Science
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urban Studies
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Geographical and temporal weighted regression
  • Mobility
  • Multi-scale geographically weighted regression

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Geographical and temporal weighted regression: examining spatial variations of COVID-19 mortality pattern using mobility and multi-source data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this