Geomagnetic response to solar wind dynamic pressure impulse events at high-latitude conjugate points

H. Kim, X. Cai, C. R. Clauer, B. S.R. Kunduri, J. Matzka, C. Stolle, D. R. Weimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is commonly assumed that geomagnetic activity is symmetrical between interhemispheric conjugate locations. However, in many cases, such an assumption proved to be wrong. Especially in high-latitude regions where the magnetosphere and the ionosphere are coupled in a more complex and dynamic fashion, asymmetrical features in geomagnetic phenomena are often observed. This paper presents investigations of geomagnetic responses to sudden change in solar wind pressure to examine interhemispheric conjugate behavior of magnetic field variations, which have rarely been made mainly due to the difficulty of facilitating conjugate-point measurements. In this study, using magnetometer data from three conjugate stations in Greenland and Antarctica, solar wind pressure impulse events (>5 nPa in <16 min) and their geomagnetic responses, typically seen as magnetic impulse events, have been examined. Our results suggest that asymmetry in ground response patterns between the conjugate locations often shows little correlation with interplanetary magnetic field orientation, season, and ionospheric conductivity, indicating that much more complex mechanism might be involved in creating interhemispheric conjugate behavior. Key Points Interhemispheric conjugate observations of magnetic impulse events Asymmetry in conjugate response to solar wind pressure impulses is observed The asymmetry might be attributed to magnetic mapping and local current system

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6055-6071
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume118
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Keywords

  • conjugate response
  • magnetic impulse event
  • solar wind dynamic pressure impulse

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