## Abstract

The question of global existence versus finite-time singularity formation is considered for the generalized Constantin-Lax-Majda equation with dissipation −Λ^{σ}, where Λ^{cσ} = |k|^{σ}, both for the problem on the circle x ∈ [−π, π] and the real line. In the periodic geometry, two complementary approaches are used to prove global-in-time existence of solutions for σ ≥ 1 and all real values of an advection parameter a when the data is small. We also derive new analytical solutions in both geometries when a = 0, and on the real line when a = 1/2, for various values of σ. These solutions exhibit self-similar finite-time singularity formation, and the similarity exponents and conditions for singularity formation are fully characterized. We revisit an analytical solution on the real line due to Schochet for a = 0 and σ = 2, and reinterpret it terms of self-similar finite-time collapse. The analytical solutions on the real line allow finite-time singularity formation for arbitrarily small data, even for values of σ that are greater than or equal to one, thereby illustrating a critical difference between the problems on the real line and the circle. The analysis is complemented by accurate numerical simulations, which are able to track the formation and motion of singularities in the complex plane. The computations validate and build upon the analytical theory.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 025004 |

Journal | Nonlinearity |

Volume | 37 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Feb 1 2024 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Applied Mathematics

## Keywords

- complex singularities
- fluid dynamics
- self-similar finite-time singularity formation