Grant-Free Coexistence of Critical and Noncritical IoT Services in Two-Hop Satellite and Terrestrial Networks

Rahif Kassab, Andrea Munari, Federico Clazzer, Osvaldo Simeone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Terrestrial and satellite communication networks often rely on two-hop wireless architectures with an access channel followed by backhaul links. Examples include cloud-radio access networks (C-RAN) and low-Earth orbit (LEO) satellite systems. Furthermore, communication services characterized by the coexistence of heterogeneous requirements are emerging as key use cases. This article studies the performance of critical service (CS) and non-CS (NCS) for Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems sharing a grant-free channel consisting of radio access and backhaul segments. On the radio access segment, IoT devices send packets to a set of noncooperative access points (APs) using slotted ALOHA (SA). The APs then forward correctly received messages to a base station over a shared wireless backhaul segment adopting SA. We study first a simplified erasure channel model, which is well suited for satellite applications. Then, in order to account for terrestrial scenarios, the impact of fading is considered. Among the main conclusions, we show that orthogonal interservice resource allocation is generally preferred for NCS devices, while nonorthogonal protocols can improve the throughput and packet success rate of CS devices for both terrestrial and satellite scenarios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14829-14843
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Beyond 5G
  • Internet-of-Things (IoT)
  • grant free
  • massive machine-Type communication (mMTC)
  • satellite networks
  • ultrareliable and low-latency communication (URLLC)


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