Grape Version 1: First prototype of the low-cost personal space weather station receiver

John Gibbons, Kristina Collins, David Kazdan, Nathaniel Frissell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Crowd sourced data collection among the international community of amateur radio operators and shortwave listeners has great potential for addressing problems of under-sampling in the geospace system. Quantitative Doppler measurements of high frequency (HF) time standard stations, used in bottom side ionospheric sensing, have been accomplished using existing radio hardware belonging to volunteers in distributed campaigns. However, typical shortwave receivers cannot be put to ordinary use while these measurements are being taken, do not have standardized signal chains, and are generally too expensive to be purchased for the sole purpose of taking Doppler measurements. Here, we provide documentation for a low-cost intermediate frequency receiver, the Grape Version 1, which is designed specifically for measurements of North American time standard stations. Grape receivers can be easily constructed and deployed by amateur scientists in order to gain a deeper understanding of variations in radio propagation in their local environment. When compared over long periods and across distributed networks of stations, the resulting data yield insights on greater spatial and time scales. At the time of writing, several of these receivers have been deployed across the United States and are actively collecting data. These receivers form the first iteration of the Low-Cost Personal Space Weather Station network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00289
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


  • Citizen science
  • Doppler
  • HamSCI
  • Low IF receiver
  • WWV


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