Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Artemisia absinthium aqueous extract - A comprehensive study

Mohammad Ali, Bosung Kim, Kevin D. Belfield, David Norman, Mary Brennan, Gul Shad Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Unlike chemical synthesis, biological synthesis of nanoparticles is gaining tremendous interest, and plant extracts are preferred over other biological sources due to their ample availability and wide array of reducing metabolites. In this project, we investigated the reducing potential of aqueous extract of Artemisia absinthium L. for synthesizing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Optimal synthesis of AgNPs with desirable physical and biological properties was investigated using ultra violet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). To determine their appropriate concentrations for AgNP synthesis, two-fold dilutions of silver nitrate (20 to 0.62 mM) and aqueous plant extract (100 to 0.79 mg ml- 1) were reacted. The results showed that silver nitrate (2 mM) and plant extract (10 mg ml- 1) mixed in different ratios significantly affected size, stability and yield of AgNPs. Extract to AgNO3 ratio of 6:4 v/v resulted in the highest conversion efficiency of AgNO3 to AgNPs, with the particles in average size range of less than 100 nm. Furthermore, the direct imaging of synthesized AgNPs by TEM revealed polydispersed particles in the size range of 5 to 20 nm. Similarly, nanoparticles with the characteristic peak of silver were observed with EDX. This study presents a comprehensive investigation of the differential behavior of plant extract and AgNO3 to synthesize biologically stable AgNPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5686
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume58
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Keywords

  • AgNPs
  • Artemisia
  • DLS
  • EDX

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