Guidelines for effective bridging in global software engineering

Allen E. Milewski, Marilyn Tremaine, Felix Köbler, Richard Egan, Suling Zhang, Patrick O'Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Globally distributed software engineering involves one or more of geographic, temporal or cultural distances, which empirical studies find have deleterious effects on the efficiency of the software engineering process. There have been some successful examples where one 'bridge' location has facilitated collaboration and coordination across the other locations. Managers might want to use this bridging as a tactic for future projects, even when future collaborations may be composed of very different participants and in different locations and contexts than current successfully bridged teams. However, group behaviour is complicated and establishing an effective bridge is neither a simple nor a straightforward step. We propose a set of guidelines, based on empirical findings, to help managers understand what to expect from the bridging tactic. These include cultural, organizational, individual and temporal factors as well as insights into the costs and benefits of bridging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-492
Number of pages16
JournalSoftware Process Improvement and Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software


  • Distributed teams
  • Global collaboration
  • Organization


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