Harvested human neurons engineered as live nervous tissue constructs: Implications for transplantation - Laboratory investigation

Jason H. Huang, Eric L. Zager, Jun Zhang, Robert F. Groff IV, Bryan J. Pfister, Akiva S. Cohen, M. Sean Grady, Eileen Maloney-Wilensky, Douglas H. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Object. Although neuron transplantation to repair the nervous system has shown promise in animal models, there are few practical sources of viable neurons for clinical application and insufficient approaches to bridge extensive nerve damage in patients. Therefore, the authors sought a clinically relevant source of neurons that could be engineered into transplantable nervous tissue constructs. The authors chose to evaluate human dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons due to their robustness in culture. Methods. Cervical DRGs were harvested from 16 live patients following elective ganglionectomies, and thoracic DRGs were harvested from 4 organ donor patients. Following harvest, the DRGs were digested in a dispase-collagenase treatment to dissociate neurons for culture. In addition, dissociated human DRG neurons were placed in a specially designed axon expansion chamber that induces continuous mechanical tension on axon fascicles spanning 2 populations of neurons originally plated ∼ 100 mm apart. Results. The adult human DRG neurons, positively identified by neuronal markers, survived at least 3 months in culture while maintaining the ability to generate action potentials. Stretch-growth of axon fascicles in the expansion chamber occurred at the rate of 1 mm/day to a length of 1 cm, creating the first engineered living human nervous tissue constructs. Conclusions. These data demonstrate the promise of adult human DRG neurons as an alternative transplant material due to their availability, viability, and capacity to be engineered. Also, these data show the feasibility of harvesting DRGs from living patients as a source of neurons for autologous transplant as well as from organ donors to serve as an allograft source of neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-347
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


  • Axon elongation
  • Axon stretch growth
  • Nervous tissue construct
  • Peripheral nerve injury repair
  • Spinal cord injury repair
  • Tissue engineering


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