Abstract—: We present an analysis of the pre-limb eruptive X4.9 solar flare on February 25, 2014, by means of which we confirm a hypothesis of the two-stage energy release corresponding to two magnetic reconnection regimes in the flare impulsive phase. This flare is selected, firstly, because of its morphological peculiarities suggesting the presence of the two energy release stages. Secondly, the flare was very suitably located near the solar limb and it was well-observed by many instruments. We performed an analysis of multiwavelength observational data of this flare region to find a connection between changes of the photospheric magnetic field, morphology of hard and soft X-ray sources, dynamics of the photospheric optical emission sources, metric radio bursts, and kinematics of an eruptive structure. The simultaneous usage of the line-of-sight and vector Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) magnetograms allowed us to trace magnetic field changes during the flare impulsive phase with high temporal resolution. HMI filtergrams allowed to trace displacement of the photospheric emission sources, associated with the magnetic reconnection, with very high temporal resolution up to 2 s. Using all observational results, we argue that the found flare stages are characterized by the following magnetic reconnection regimes. The first stage is predominantly characterized by the three-dimensional zipping reconnection in the strong sheared magnetic field assuming the tether-cutting geometry. The second stage corresponds to the so-called “standard” model of eruptive flares with the quasi-two-dimensional reconnection below the eruptive flux-rope. All observational peculiarities of these two stages are discussed in details.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science