High-Performance Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation with Phosphorus-Doped and Metal Phosphide Cocatalyst-Modified g-C 3 N 4 Formation Through Gas Treatment

Dong Dong Qin, Jing Jing Quan, Shi Fang Duan, Jovan San Martin, Yixiong Lin, Xiaolin Zhu, Xiao Qiang Yao, Jin Zhan Su, Ingrid Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Chun Lan Tao, Yong Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C 3 N 4 ) has been widely explored as a photocatalyst for water splitting. The anodic water oxidation reaction (WOR) remains a major obstacle for such processes, with issues such as low surface area of g-C 3 N 4 , poor light absorption, and low charge-transfer efficiency. In this work, such longtime concerns have been partially addressed with band gap and surface engineering of nanostructured graphitic carbon nitride (g-C 3 N 4 ). Specifically, surface area and charge-transfer efficiency are significantly enhanced through architecting g-C 3 N 4 on nanorod TiO 2 to avoid aggregation of layered g-C 3 N 4 . Moreover, a simple phosphide gas treatment of TiO 2 /g-C 3 N 4 configuration not only narrows the band gap of g-C 3 N 4 by 0.57 eV shifting it into visible range but also generates in situ a metal phosphide (M=Fe, Cu) water oxidation cocatalyst. This TiO 2 /g-C 3 N 4 /FeP configuration significantly improves charge separation and transfer capability. As a result, our non-noble-metal photoelectrochemical system yields outstanding visible light (>420 nm) photocurrent: approximately 0.3 mA cm −2 at 1.23 V and 1.1 mA cm −2 at 2.0 V versus RHE, which is the highest for a g-C 3 N 4 -based photoanode. It is expected that the TiO 2 /g-C 3 N 4 /FeP configuration synthesized by a simple phosphide gas treatment will provide new insight for producing robust g-C 3 N 4 for water oxidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)898-907
Number of pages10
JournalChemSusChem
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

Keywords

  • cocatalyst
  • doping
  • graphitic carbon nitride
  • metal phosphide
  • photoelectrocatalysis

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