High spatial resolution observations of pores and the formation of a rudimentary penumbra

G. Yang, Yan Xu, Haimin Wang, C. Denker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


We present high spatial resolution observation of small-scale magnetic activity in solar active region NOAA 9539. The observations were obtained on 2001 July 15 using the 65 cm vacuum reflector and 25 cm refractor of the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). The data sets include time series of speckle reconstructed continuum images at 5200 Å, Hα filtergrams (blue line wing, line center, and red line wing), and line-of-sight magnetograms. Two pores, separated by a light bridge, were located in the central part of NOAA 9539. The formation of penumbral filaments near the light bridge indicated a sudden change of the local magnetic field topology from almost vertical to strongly inclined magnetic fields, which allowed cool material previously suspended in a filament to stream downward. During the downward motion of the cool material, Hα Dopplergrams revealed twisted streamlines along the filament. Finally, there are several well-defined Hα brightenings, Ellerman bombs (EBs), occurred near the region where the downflow of materials fell in. The EBs reside near a magnetic inversion line and are stationary, as opposed to EBs associated with moving magnetic features. We also found that the horizontal flow field of the white-light images derived from local correlation tracking is different from the previous observations. The horizontal movements in the superpenumbrae of leading sunspot and the following sunspots are opposite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1190-1199
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Nov 10 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sunspots
  • Techniques: high angular resolution


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