High crystal quality, vertically aligned AlxGa1-xN nanowire based double heterojunction light emitting diodes (LEDs) are grown on Si substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. Such AlxGa1-xN nanowires exhibit unique core-shell structures, which can significantly suppress surface nonradiative recombination. We successfully demonstrate highly efficient Al xGa1-xN nanowire array based LEDs operating at ∼340 nm. Such nanowire devices exhibit superior electrical and optical performance, including an internal quantum efficiency of ∼59% at room temperature, a relatively small series resistance, highly stable emission characteristics, and the absence of efficiency droop under pulsed biasing conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering