In this paper, we propose a DWT-based image-watermarking algorithm applying DS-CDMA. The improved orthogonal Gold sequences sets generated via m-sequences are used to spread spectrum of the watermark. The CDMA encoded watermark is embedded into the DWT domain by modulating selected DWT coefficients of the image in a fashion similar to CDMA. Blind recovery of the embedded data is achieved by analyzing the DWT coefficients of the watermarked image and the auto-correlation of orthogonal codes. The proposed algorithm is compared with the existing watermarking schemes based on CDMA. The experimental results demonstrate that the watermark with the proposed algorithm is robust to JPEG compression, Gaussian noise and other typical attacks.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems|
|State||Published - Jul 14 2003|
|Event||Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - Bangkok, Thailand|
Duration: May 25 2003 → May 28 2003
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering