Immunosensors for quantifying cyclooxygenase 2 pain biomarkers

Naumih M. Noah, Samuel K. Mwilu, Omowunmi A. Sadik, Alim A. Fatah, Richard D. Arcilesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme in pain biomarkers, inflammation and cancer cell proliferation. Thus biosensors that can quantify pain mediators based on biochemical mechanism are imperative. Methods: Biomolecular recognition and affinity of antigenic COX-2 with the antibody were investigated using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and ultra-sensitive portable capillary (UPAC) fluorescence sensors. Polyclonal goat anti-COX-2 (human) antibodies were covalently immobilized on gold SPR surface and direct recognition for the COX-2 antigen assessed. The UPAC sensor utilized an indirect sandwich design involving covalently attached goat anti-COX-2 as the capture antibody and rabbit anti-COX-2 (human) antibody as the secondary antibody. Results: UPAC fluorescence signals were directly proportional to COX-2 at a linear range of 7.46×10-4-7.46×101ng/ml with detection limit of 1.02×10-4ng/ml. With SPR a linear range was 3.64×10-4-3.64×102ng/ml was recorded and a detection limit of 1.35×10-4ng/ml. Validation was achieved in simulated blood samples with percent recoveries of 81.39% and 87.23% for SPR and UPAC respectively. Conclusion: The developed sensors have the potential to provide objective characterization of pain biomarkers for clinical diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1391-1398
Number of pages8
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number15-16
StatePublished - Jul 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


  • Affinity
  • COX-2
  • Pain biomarkers
  • Sensors


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