Impact of channel estimation on ultra-wideband system design

Hongsan Sheng, Alexander M. Haimovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The impact of imperfect estimates on ultra-wideband (UWB) system performance is investigated when path delays and path amplitudes are jointly estimated. The Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) of the path delay estimates is presented as a function of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and signal bandwidth. The performance of a UWB system employing a Rake receiver and maximum ratio combining is analyzed taking into account estimation errors as predicted by the CRB. Expressions of the bit error rate (BER) are obtained displaying the effect of the number of pilot symbols and the number of multipath components on the overall system performance. Allocations of power resources to pilot symbols are determined to optimize the BER. Results indicate that the impact of path delay estimation errors has to be taken into account, particularly at low SNR. Finally, the estimation errors are taken into account to optimize the signal bandwidth and the number of fingers of the Rake receiver in UWB systems. With limited number of pilot symbols ( <10), the optimal bandwidth is smaller than 1 GHz. For a given bandwidth of 2 GHz, the optimum number of paths to be processed by Rake receivers is approximately 20.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-507
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Bit-error probability
  • Cramér-Rao bound
  • Multipath channel estimation
  • Rake receiver
  • Ultra-wideband


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