Improving the API dissolution rate during pharmaceutical hot-melt extrusion I: Effect of the API particle size, and the co-rotating, twin-screw extruder screw configuration on the API dissolution rate

Meng Li, Costas G. Gogos, Nicolas Ioannidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dissolution rate of the active pharmaceutical ingredients in pharmaceutical hot-melt extrusion is the most critical elementary step during the extrusion of amorphous solid solutions - total dissolution has to be achieved within the short residence time in the extruder. Dissolution and dissolution rates are affected by process, material and equipment variables. In this work, we examine the effect of one of the material variables and one of the equipment variables, namely, the API particle size and extruder screw configuration on the API dissolution rate, in a co-rotating, twin-screw extruder. By rapidly removing the extruder screws from the barrel after achieving a steady state, we collected samples along the length of the extruder screws that were characterized by polarized optical microscopy (POM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to determine the amount of undissolved API. Analyses of samples indicate that reduction of particle size of the API and appropriate selection of screw design can markedly improve the dissolution rate of the API during extrusion. In addition, angle of repose measurements and light microscopy images show that the reduction of particle size of the API can improve the flowability of the physical mixture feed and the adhesiveness between its components, respectively, through dry coating of the polymer particles by the API particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume478
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Keywords

  • Amorphous solid dispersions
  • Dissolution rate
  • Flowability
  • Hot-melt extrusion
  • Particle size
  • Screw configuration

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