Influence of assembly error and bearing elasticity on the dynamics of spur gear pair

Jian Wang, Jianhong Wang, Teik C. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The elasticity and geometrical errors of precision elements are one of the major factors affecting vibration responses in geared transmission systems. In this study, the influences of assembly error and bearing elasticity on the spur gear dynamic behavior are analyzed. A lumped parameter model for spur gear pair is formulated by representing the bearing elasticity with infinitesimal spring elements and tooth stiffness time function as rectangular waveform. The nonuniform tooth contact load is also considered. The severity of assembly error is assumed to be sufficiently small such that no partial loss of tooth contact occurs. A harmonic balance method is applied to the resultant second-order partial differential equation governing the gear pair dynamic behavior. The variations of dynamic transmission error and tooth contact load with respect to mesh frequency for a set of bearing stiffness are analyzed. The influences of bearing stiffness on the dynamic transmission error are also evaluated. The variation of actual cross angle, an indicator on the tooth meshing state, is examined with respect to nominal cross angle and bearing stiffness. The analysis shows that the presence of bearing elasticity and assembly error can degenerate tooth contact significantly, and hence the appropriate specifications of bearing and mesh stiffness are critical at gearbox design stage. The analysis demonstrates that the proposed lumped parameter model can provide detailed contact information like finite element model, but it avoids finite element model's prohibitive computation burden and can be completed easily and be computed quickly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1805-1818
Number of pages14
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Spur gear pair
  • assembly error
  • bearing elasticity
  • harmonic balance


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