Influence of surface viscosities on the electrodeformation of a prolate viscous drop

H. Nganguia, D. Das, O. S. Pak, Y. N. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contaminants and other agents are often present at the interface between two fluids, giving rise to rheological properties such as surface shear and dilatational viscosities. The dynamics of viscous drops with interfacial viscosities has attracted greater interest in recent years, due to the influence of surface rheology on deformation and the surrounding flows. We investigate the effects of shear and dilatational viscosities on the electro-deformation of a viscous drop using the Taylor-Melcher leaky dielectric model. We use a large deformation analysis to derive an ordinary differential equation for the drop shape. Our model elucidates the contributions of each force to the overall deformation of the drop and reveals a rich range of dynamic behaviors that show the effects of surface viscosities and their dependence on rheological and electrical properties of the system. We also examine the physical mechanisms underlying the observed behaviors by analyzing the surface dilatation and surface deformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-789
Number of pages14
JournalSoft Matter
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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