Linearly polarized spectra of far-infrared (IR) transmission in HoMn2 O5 multiferroic single crystals have been studied in the frequency range between 8.5 and 105 cm-1 and for temperatures between 5 and 300 K. Polarization of IR-active excitations depends on the crystallographic directions in HoMn2 O5 and is sensitive to the magnetic phase transitions. We attribute some of the infrared-active excitations to electric-dipole transitions between ligand-field (LF) split states of Ho3+ ions. For light polarization along crystalline b axis, the oscillator strength of electric dipoles at low frequencies (10.5, 13, and 18 cm-1) changes significantly at the commensurate-incommensurate antiferromagnetic phase transition at T3 =19 K. This effect shows a strong correlation with the pronounced steps of the b -directional static dielectric function. We propose that the LF on Ho3+ connects the magnetism and dielectric properties of this compound through coupling with the Mn spin structure. We comment on the possibility for composite excitations of magnons and excited LF states.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Nov 6 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics