Infrared-active optical phonons and magnetic excitations in the hexagonal manganites RMn O3 (R=Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu)

R. Basistyy, T. N. Stanislavchuk, A. A. Sirenko, A. P. Litvinchuk, M. Kotelyanskii, G. L. Carr, N. Lee, X. Wang, S. W. Cheong

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Abstract

Optical properties of hexagonal multiferroic oxides RMnO3, where R=Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu, have been studied in the far-infrared spectral range between 100 and 2000 cm-1 and temperatures between 1.5 and 300 K by means of several experimental techniques: Mueller matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry, rotating analyzer ellipsometry, and optical transmission spectroscopy. Spectra of the optical phonons are described in terms of the temperature dependencies of their frequency, damping, and oscillator strength. For all studies, oxide materials' clear signatures of the spin-phonon interaction have been found below the temperature of the antiferromagnetic phase transition TN due to magnetic ordering of Mn3+ spins. A decrease of the ionic radius for R3+ ions between Ho3+ and Lu3+ in the corresponding RMnO3 compounds resulted in systematic variation of the frequency for several optical phonons. A magnetic excitation at ∼190 cm-1 was observed at low temperatures below TN and interpreted as resulting from two-magnon absorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024307
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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