Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) is the most commonly mutated oncogene in lung cancers. Gene therapy is emerging as a promising cancer treatment modality; however, the systemic administration of gene therapy has been limited by inefficient delivery to the lungs and systemic toxicity. Herein, we report a noninvasive aerosol inhalation nanoparticle (NP) system, termed “siKRAS@GCLPP NPs,” to treat KRAS-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The self-assembled siKRAS@GCLPP NPs are capable of maintaining structural integrity during nebulization, with preferential distribution within the tumor-bearing lung. Inhalable siKRAS@GCLPP NPs show not only significant tumor-targeting capability but also enhanced antitumor activity in an orthotopic mouse model of human KRAS-mutant NSCLC. The nebulized delivery of siKRAS@GCLPP NPs demonstrates potent knockdown of mutated KRAS in tumor-bearing lungs without causing any observable adverse effects, exhibiting a better biosafety profile than the systemic delivery approach. The results present a promising inhaled gene therapy approach for the treatment of KRAS-mutant NSCLC and other respiratory diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- KRAS mutation
- inhaled siRNA therapeutics
- lung cancer therapy
- pulmonary nucleic acid delivery
- tumor-targeting gene therapy